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Deep sea Fishing Techniques

DEEPSEA FISHING TECHNIQUES TO ARTISANAL FISHERMAN ALONG THE COAST OF TANZANIA

This is the Course offered to Local (Artisanal Fishermen) to give them Skills and techniques of Fishing on the Deep sea so that they can improve their fish catches.

The Fishing industry in Tanzania is predominantly artisanal; a sub-sector that lands more than 95 percent of fish from the traditional sources while fishing in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is dominated by international fishing fleets. The deep sea fishery development in Tanzania is constrained by a number of challenges including; inadequate skillful human resource, insufficient port services, and lack of large vessels that can endure fishing in deep waters. The complexities have made the rich deep sea fishery, in the country, to remain a domain of foreign vessels both licensed and IIU, dissipating potential economic benefit to the nation.

In view of the current situation, the United Republic of Tanzania is determined to address the challenges in order to develop this fishery and secure the benefits. It is anticipated that the effort being taken, combined with the presence of an able private sector would catalyze the development process. While putting the necessary foundation in place, it is deemed essential to urgently equip local fishers with the skills and knowledge that would enable them to engage effectively in high-value deep sea fishing.

To start with, the Deep Sea Fishing Authority (DSFA) decided to support training of a certain number of local fishers as a precursor to domestication of the deep sea fishing in the country. The course is intended to teach nationals appropriate methods of fish capture applicable in the deep sea fishery including long-line and purse-seine fishing. The focus is placed on providing on-the job training aboard relatively large vessels under skilled Captains at the Fisheries Education and Training Agency (FETA) at Mbegani campus in Bagamoyo.

FETA, the training provider, has become a well established fisheries training institution serving both the industrial and artisanal fisheries.

In designing training programme for deep sea fishing, FETA recognized that the United Republic of Tanzania and the private sector including fishers have a mutual interest in securing and maintaining access to the EEZ fishery resources. And that a major constraint to access, particularly to the migratory route of high-value tuna species, is inadequate fishing skills and knowledge among local fishers. Hence, provision of a well concerted training programme requires frames of reference to meet the training needs which are central to mitigation of the challenges